Almost three months after the invasion of Ukraine, and the russian army failed spectacularly. His greatest success is the capture of Mariupolwhich was only Monday, May 17, 82 days after the start of the war.
There have been many explanations as to why Russian forces have performed so poorly, ranging from morale to logistics to corruption, among other reasons.
Last week, the British Ministry of Defense offered four possible explanations for Russia’s poor military performance in Ukraine.
The four reasons
Speaking on the VE Day anniversary, UK Defense Secretary Ben Wallace identified four main reasons that are likely to be behind Russia’s failures.
The British official said poor combat preparedness, poor operational planning, inadequate equipment and support, as well as corruption and the moral component were the bane of the Russian invasion.
Poor battle preparation set up the russian army for failure.
“Russian forces weren’t briefed on their mission until they crossed the border into Ukraine, so they didn’t even have a chance to prepare. There were even reports of Russian troops in Belarus selling fuel for their vehicles the week before the invasion because they were repeatedly told it was just a drill,” Wallace said. mentioned.
Partly because of this, the Russian logistics system collapsed. Contrary to the American army, which always aims for a good balance between the combat troops and their logistics which moves them and feeds them, the Russian army favors the former to the apparent detriment of both. As a result, Russian forces entered the war unprepared.
“Russian special forces, which have made and promoted their own macho videos openly mocking Western armies for being inclusive of minorities and women, have been resoundingly defeated by Ukrainian militia forces, often incorporating minorities and women. women. The farce of their commanders’ failures has led to some VDV and Navy units would have suffered up to 80% casualties against these non-regular Ukrainian forces,” said the UK Defense Secretary.
The second reason is poor operational planning. Influenced by lack of combat readiness, the Russian commanders didn’t do any thorough planning.
“Throughout the operation of the Russian forces and in all areas, the failure of their commanders to conduct proper operational planning has been nothing but a betrayal of their soldiers and airmen who have paid the price with their lives “, added Wallace.
As Ukrainian resistance grew more rigid, bolstered by US and NATO weapons, any Russian plan that worked derailed.
Equipment and morale issues in Ukraine
The third reason was insufficient equipment and support.
A common theme throughout the war was Russian army constant breakdown vehicles in the first weeks of the war which was more pronounced. Ukrainian forces would find abandoned Russian tanks, armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles and other miscellaneous vehicles all the time.
“The Russian vehicles had not been maintained properly and were immobilizing many logistics vehicles, resulting in the bursting of cheap tires and truck axle hub failures, all due to poor maintenance or money for this upkeep transferred elsewhere… Almost none of their vehicles contain situational awareness and digital combat management. Vehicles are often found with paper maps of 1980s Ukraine,” said the British Minister of Defence.
And finally, the average russian soldier does not want to be in Ukraine, especially without support and undernourished.
[1945’sNewColumnofDefenseandNationalSecurity[1945’sNouveauchroniqueurdedéfenseetdesécuriténationaleStavros Atlamazoglou is a seasoned defense journalist specializing in special operations, a Hellenic Army veteran (National Service with the 575th Marine Battalion and Army HQ) and a graduate of Johns Hopkins University. His work has been featured in Business Intern, Sandpitand SOFREP.