NPT Members Reaffirm Importance of Russia-US New START Negotiations

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The first draft of the NPT conference, which takes place every five years, highlights the importance of further talks between the United States and Russia on the New START treaty.

  • Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida addresses the 2022 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference at the United Nations General Assembly, Monday, August 1, 2022 (AP Photo/Yuki Iwamura)

Further progress in talks between the United States and Russia on the New START treaty is essential, according to a draft report of the first committee of the review conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) obtained by Sputnik.

The NPT Review Conference, which takes place every five years, is the main event on the subject of nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament.

The objective of the event is to review the implementation of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons throughout the reporting period and to present relevant initiatives for the future reduction of nuclear weapons.

The current conference, the tenth in a row, takes place from August 1 to 26 at the United Nations headquarters in New York. Several ministers from around the world participated in the first week of the debate.

A measure of the success of the conference will largely depend on the ability of countries to reach consensus on the outcome document of the event.

During the conference, discussions take place in three committees. “The Conference welcomes the extension of the Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian Federation on Measures to Further Reduce and Limit Strategic Offensive Arms (New START Treaty) until February 4, 2026, and reaffirms the importance of further progress, including the negotiation of a successor agreement leading to further reductions in their stockpiles of nuclear weapons,” the draft reads.

Read next: US ready to negotiate new treaty to replace New START in 2026 – Biden

The conference stresses the need for tangible and quantifiable efforts by nations (NPT participants) to reduce the level of nuclear weapon systems in a way that contributes to international peace and security, according to the text.

According to the draft report, the conference applauds the position of the nuclear-weapon states that there can be no winners in a nuclear war and that it must never be started. “the qualitative improvement of nuclear weapons and the development of new advanced types of nuclear weapons”, as well as the lack of progress “in reducing the role of nuclear weapons in security policy”.

Concerns have also been expressed about the lack of transparency of these actions. The text stresses the need for all states to adhere to the current moratoriums on nuclear weapon test explosions and other nuclear explosions.

Read next: Medvedev skeptical of US proposal to revert to New START expansion

Last week, the Russian Foreign Ministry said that Russia had officially notified the United States that it was temporarily withdrawing from inspection activities under the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) its facilities which are subject to inspections under this agreement.

Moscow is forced to withdraw its facilities from New START inspections due to US actions, which deprive Russia of the right to US inspections.

“On August 8, 2022, the Russian Federation officially notified the United States of America through diplomatic channels that our country is temporarily withdrawing its facilities subject to inspections under this treaty from inspection activities under the new This exemption also applies to facilities where controls stipulated by the treaty may take place,” the ministry said in a statement, explaining that such actions are provided for by clause 5 of section I of chapter five of the new START protocol.


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