Why did Russia interrupt the gas supply via the main European gas pipeline?
Russian energy giant Gazprom has suspended gas flows to Europe indefinitely via a major pipeline, fueling fears that parts of the continent will need to ration energy over winter.
However, while Gazprom cited an oil leak for the shutdown of the Nord Stream 1 pipeline, the Kremlin has since said that resuming gas supplies to Europe depends on Europe lifting its measures. punitive economics.
“Pumping problems have arisen because of the sanctions imposed on our country and on a number of companies by Western states, including Germany and the United Kingdom,” the spokesman for the Ministry told reporters on Monday. Kremlin, Dmitry Peskov. according to the Russian Interfax news agency.
When asked if the pumping of gas via Nord Stream 1 was entirely dependent on the sanctions and if the supply would resume if these were lifted, Peskov replied: “Of course… It is precisely these sanctions that the States western introduced that brought the situation to what we see now.”
European lawmakers accuse Russia of militarizing energy supplies in a bid to sow uncertainty in the 27-nation bloc and drive up energy prices.
Uniper CEO says the worst is yet to come after Russia cuts off gas flows to Europe
Uniper has requested billions in financial aid from the German government due to soaring gas and electricity prices.
Bloomberg | Bloomberg | Getty Images
The chief executive of German gas giant Uniper delivered a grim assessment of Europe’s worsening energy crisis, warning that the worst is yet to come.
“I’ve said it many times over this year and I’m also educating policy makers. Listen, the worst is yet to come,” Uniper CEO Klaus-Dieter Maubach told Hadley Gamble of CNBC at Gastech 2022 in Milan, Italy.
“What we see in the wholesale market is 20 times the price we saw two years ago – 20 times. That’s why I think we need to have a really open discussion with everyone who takes responsibility on how to solve this problem,” he added. .
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Ukraine claims to have killed 50,000 Russian soldiers
Ukraine’s armed forces said 50,150 Russian soldiers had been killed in the conflict in the country since the war began in February.
Ukraine also asserted, in his latest Facebook updatethat it had destroyed 2,077 Russian tanks, nearly 4,500 armored personnel carriers, 1,179 artillery systems, 236 aircraft and 15 warships, among other losses.
The numbers should be read with some caution. CNBC was unable to independently confirm the data.
Moscow has released very few figures regarding its personnel losses in Ukraine, with the data likely to prove unpopular with the Russian public.
UN inspectors to publish findings on inspection of nuclear power plants
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will release a report on Tuesday on the findings of its mission to the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in the south of the country. The report will focus on the nuclear safety, security and safeguards situation in Ukraine, the IAEA said in a statement.
Russian military vehicles escort a motorcade carrying the International Atomic Energy Agency expert mission as they leave the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in Ukraine on September 1, 2022.
Alexander Ermoshenko | Reuters
IAEA inspectors inspected the Russian-occupied factory last week, and two of them remained on site to maintain a presence at the site, which has found itself at the center of fighting in southern Ukraine. Russia and Ukraine have accused each other of bombing the plant and endangering its stability.
IAEA Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi will also brief the United Nations Security Council on the mission to the plant on Tuesday.
Ukraine informed the IAEA, a UN nuclear watchdog, on Monday that an emergency power line between the nuclear power plant and a nearby thermal power plant was deliberately disconnected today in order to put out a fire, but the line itself was not damaged. The plant continues to receive the electricity it needs for its safety from its only operating reactor.
Russia may run out of aerial drones in Kherson
Ukrainian servicemen with a downed Russian drone in Kyiv in March.
Aris Messinis | AFP | Getty Images
Russian troops fighting in the Kherson region of Ukraine appear to be struggling to maintain their supply of unmanned aerial vehicles, the UK Ministry of Defense said on Tuesday.
“The limited availability of reconnaissance drones is likely to degrade commanders’ tactical situational awareness and increasingly hamper Russian operations,” the ministry said. said in a Twitter post.
Moscow’s military doctrine increasingly relies on drones to spot Russian artillery targets, the British ministry said.
CNBC is unable to confirm reports on Kherson, where Ukraine launched a counteroffensive last week. The Russian Defense Ministry did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
Ukraine reported shooting down three Russian tactical drones in a single day on August 21. The British ministry cited a report by the Odesa Journal which said Russian troops carried out 27 drone sorties on Monday, compared to an average of 50 per day during the month. of August.
A sortie is generally defined as a single mission by a single aircraft. Drones can be shot down or electronically jammed so that their operators lose control of them.
“In the face of combat losses, Russia is likely to struggle to maintain its drone stocks, exacerbated by component shortages resulting from international sanctions,” the UK Ministry of Defense said.
Gazprom says Siemens Energy must repair turbine before gas supply resumes
A senior Gazprom official said natural gas supplies to Europe through the Nord Stream 1 pipeline will not resume until Siemens Energy repairs faulty equipment.
When asked when supplies might resume, Gazprom deputy chief executive Vitaly Markelov told Reuters on Tuesday that “you should ask Siemens. They have to fix the equipment first,” he said. he told Reuters on the sidelines of the Eastern Economic Forum in the Russian far eastern city of Vladivostok. .
Gazprom halted all flows through the pipeline on Friday after claiming to have detected an oil leak in a turbine engine at Portovaya Compressor Station and said it would cut off supply until the problem was resolved.
Europe is facing an unprecedented gas crisis.
Image Alliance | Image Alliance | Getty Images
Siemens Energy, which supplied and serviced the Nord Stream 1 turbines, responded by saying the leak was no reason to stop gas flows.
“As the manufacturer of the turbines, we can only affirm that such a discovery is not a technical reason to stop operation,” he said in a statement, adding that such leaks do not generally do not affect the operation of a turbine and can be sealed in place.
These repairs were routine procedures, Siemens Energy said, adding that in the past, “the occurrence of this type of leak has not caused operations to stop.”
“Regardless of this, we have already stressed on several occasions that there are enough additional turbines available at the Portovaya compressor station to keep Nord Stream 1 running,” he added.
Siemens Energy said it was “not currently contracted for maintenance work, but is standing by”.
Russia’s energy minister says price cap will lead to more Russian oil being shipped to Asia
A worker walks from the Sans Vitesse housing towards the gas receiving compressor station of the Nord Stream 1 gas pipeline in Lubmin, Germany, Tuesday, August 30, 2022.
Krisztian Bocsi | Bloomberg | Getty Images
Russian Energy Minister Nikolai Shulginov said the country would ship more oil to Asia in response to price caps on its oil exports, Reuters reported.
“Any action to impose a price cap will lead to a deficit in the own markets (of the initiating countries) and will increase price volatility,” he told reporters at the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, according to Reuters.
Last week, the G-7 economic powers agreed to cap the price of Russian crude to punish Moscow for its unprovoked invasion of Ukraine. Prior to the invasion, Russia exported about half of its crude oil and petroleum product exports to Europe, according to the International Energy Agency.
— Natalie Tam
Zelenskyy promises ‘response’ to hometown attack, applauds destruction of Russian missile warehouse
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy has praised Ukrainian fighters who destroyed a Russian missile warehouse and vowed to act in the wake of an attack on his hometown.
“I especially want to thank the fighters of one of our rocket artillery brigades who with their precise fire destroyed the very Russian warehouse from which the occupants obtained S-300 missiles to bombard Kharkiv “, Zelenskyy said in a statement posted on his official Telegram and translated by NBC.
Zelenskyy added that “the occupiers will definitely get a response” to Monday’s missile attack on his hometown of Kryvyi Rih, and the continued shelling of other territories.
— Samantha Subin
Macron urges the French to reduce their energy consumption by 10% to avoid rationing
French President Emmanuel Macron on Monday called for a 10% reduction in France’s energy consumption in the coming weeks to avoid rationing and cuts amid tensions with the Russian supplier, according to the Associated Press. .
Energy rationing plans are being prepared “in case” they are needed, and that “cuts will occur as a last resort”, he told a news conference.
“The best energy is the one we don’t consume,” Macron said, urging French businesses and households to save energy, including turning down heating and air conditioning, the AP reported.
Speaking after a videoconference on Monday with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, Macron announced a plan to increase gas supplies to Germany from France to offset a drop in Russian gas supplies from the east.
Germany will continue to supply electricity to France to fill the shortages caused by the maintenance of many French nuclear reactors.
Boris Johnson says Ukraine will beat Russia on outgoing call
Boris Johnson has told President Volodymyr Zelenskyy that Ukraine can and will defeat Russia in his last call as British Prime Minister.
Johnson, who was replaced as leader of the Conservative Party on Monday by Liz Truss, pledged to maintain a close friendship with Zelenskyy even if he leaves office.
“The Prime Minister told President Zelensky it had been a privilege to work with and support him, and the leaders agreed to stay in close contact as friends,” a Downing Street spokesman said. .
— Karen Gilchrist