At present, India cannot afford to take a stand against Russia, especially given our military dependence and the ever-present threat of two wars. In recent years, the threats of a “two-front war” involving Pakistan and China simultaneously attacking India have become all the more real.
Given this geopolitical scenario, any hypothetical clash with Pakistan or China, or both together, will see Delhi look to Moscow, whether for military resupplies or spare parts.
Here is an overview of Russian military equipment currently in use by the Indian Defense Forces:
Smerch multi-rocket system
The BM-30 Smerch is a heavy, multiple rocket launcher. It was designed to defeat armored targets in concentrated areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots.
Grad multi-rocket system
The BM-21 ‘Grad’ is a Soviet truck-mounted 122 mm multiple rocket launcher. The complete system with the BM-21 launcher and the M-21OF rocket is known as the Grad Multiple Launch Rocket System.
Also read: From a colorful country to a ghost town: How the Russian invasion left Ukraine in ruins | See before and after photos
M-46 artillery guns
The M-46 is a hand-loaded, towed 130mm artillery field gun. For many years, the M-46 was one of the longest range artillery systems, with a range of over 27 km.
Configuration of the T-55 pill dispenser:
The T-55 is a Soviet-made main battle tank (MBT). Pill boxes are similar to bunkers, but they are usually quite small, between 6 and 10 square feet. The Indian Army used T-55 tanks as pillboxes along the Line of Control.
The T-90 is a third generation Russian MBT. It uses a 125mm 2A46 smoothbore main gun, the 1A45T fire control system, an improved engine and a gunner’s thermal sight. Protective measures include a mix of steel and composite armor, smoke grenade dischargers, Kontakt-5 explosive reactive armor and the Shtora infrared ATGM jamming system.
The T-72 is a Soviet-designed MBT. In Russian frontline service, the T-72s are upgraded or supplemented by the T-90, which is a modernized version of the T-72B. The T-72 was exported and produced in many countries.
The BMP-2 is a second generation amphibious infantry fighting vehicle introduced in the 1980s in the Soviet Union. It is an agile, reliable and usable vehicle with adequate engine power for most off-road missions.
The Konkurs anti-tank guided missile is a semi-automatic line-of-sight control missile (SACLOS). The missile was originally designed to be fired from vehicles. It can be fired from later models of the 9M111 launchers.
Also read: 11-year-old boy travels 1,400 km to the Ukrainian border holding his mother’s letter in his hand
The 9M133 Kornet is a second-generation Russian man-portable anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) intended for use against main battle tanks. It was first put into service with the Russian army in 1998. The Kornet is one of the most successful Russian ATGMs.
OSA surface-to-air missile (SAM):
It is a highly mobile, low-altitude, short-range tactical surface-to-air missile (SAM) system developed in the Soviet Union in the 1960s and fielded in 1972. Osa was the first missile system mobile air defense incorporating its own radar engagement on a single vehicle.
The S-125 Neva/Pechora is a Soviet surface-to-air missile system. Due to its two-stage design, it is more effective against more maneuverable targets than its predecessors.
The Strela is a lightweight, shoulder-fired surface-to-air missile. It falls under the category of man-portable air defense systems (MANPADS). It is designed to target low-altitude aircraft with homing guidance and destroy them with a high-explosive warhead.
Shilka anti-aircraft gun
The ZSU-23-4 ‘Shilka’ is a lightly armored, radar-guided Soviet self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon system. It is named after the Shilka River in Russia. Afghan soldiers nicknamed it the “sewing machine” because of the sound the guns made when fired.
Also Read: Volodymyr Zelenskyy Channels Tony Stark-Iron Man in ‘I’m in Kyiv, I’m Afraid of Nobody’ Video
Tunguska anti-aircraft system:
It is a Russian self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon, armed with a surface-to-air gun and a missile system. It is designed to provide day and night protection for infantry and tank regiments against low-flying aircraft, helicopters and cruise missiles in all weather conditions.
The Dragunov sniper rifle is a semi-automatic designated marksman rifle that uses 7.62×54mm cartridges. It was developed in the Soviet Union between 1957 and 1963 and has since become the standard squad support weapon in several countries.
A Kalashnikov rifle is a rifle belonging to a series of automatic rifles based on the original design of Mikhail Kalashnikov. They are commonly called AK. They are among the most widely used guns in the world, with approximately 72 million rifles in circulation worldwide.
The OSV-96 is a Russian heavy semi-automatic sniper rifle that uses 12.7×108mm ammunition. The rifle is capable of engaging infantry at a distance of up to 1800 meters. It keeps the shooter outside of the effective range of conventional calibers, providing a distinct advantage over lower caliber rifles.
NSV machine gun:
The NSV is a 12.7 mm caliber heavy machine gun of Soviet origin. It is no longer produced in Russia. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the manufacturing license for NSV went to Kazakhstan. The NSV was manufactured in Bulgaria, India, Poland and Yugoslavia under licence.
Brah Mos Missile:
The BrahMos is a medium-range supersonic ramjet cruise missile that can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft or land. It is notably one of the fastest supersonic cruise missiles in the world. It is a joint venture between NPO Mashinostroyeniya of the Russian Federation and DRDO of India.
Read also: “It’s the new swastika”: the letter Z has become the symbol of war in Russia